Choosing the Best Weight Loss Surgery Option for You

Weight loss surgery, also known as bariatric surgery, offers a potential alternative to people who struggle to drop excess weight through diet and exercise. 

Bariatric surgery procedures help bring about weight loss in obese people by decreasing the amount of food your stomach can comfortably hold and by causing hormonal changes that may reduce hunger.

If you’re considering bariatric surgery, there are several types to consider, and various procedures have different advantages. Here at Northwest EndoSurgical in Houston, Dr. Matthew St. Laurent has extensive experience with weight loss surgery. As a bariatric surgeon, he works with patients to decide which procedure aligns best with their goals and their personal health profiles.

Here’s the rundown on the most popular types of weight loss surgery.  

Gastric sleeve

Also known as sleeve gastrectomy, gastric sleeve surgery removes about 80% of the stomach. The section of the stomach that remains is a tube-shaped pouch.

Performed laparoscopically through tiny cuts in the belly, gastric sleeve significantly reduces the amount of food (and calories) that can comfortably be eaten. It also has an impact on gastrointestinal hormones, which can make you feel less hungry overall and fuller faster after eating.


Because gastric sleeve surgery removes part of your stomach, it is permanent and nonreversible.


LAP-BAND surgery is a procedure in which Dr. St. Laurent places a specially designed band-type device around your stomach to create a smaller pouch for food. 

The LAP-BAND reduces the amount of food that fits in your stomach, which helps you feel fuller faster, eat less, and lose weight.

Because the LAP-BAND procedure does not require removal of any part of your stomach or intestines, it can be reversed. And it’s a minimally invasive procedure that requires little downtime.

Gastric bypass

During the gastric bypass procedure, Dr. St. Laurent performs a surgical technique that divides your stomach into two separate pouches, an upper pouch and a lower pouch. Then, he modifies your small intestine to connect it to your stomach.

Gastric bypass helps reduce your appetite, which can lead to weight loss over time. It also has an excellent track record of helping improve the health of people with obesity-related health conditions such as Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and sleep apnea.

Gastric bypass typically requires an overnight stay in the hospital. It is not reversible.

Revisional surgeries

A small percentage of people who’ve had weight loss surgery may benefit from a revision of the procedure, which is known as revisional surgery. Dr. St. Laurent may recommend a second surgery to address unexpected complications or to perform a procedure that will provide better weight loss results.

Revisional surgery may also help patients who wish to lose more weight but have hit a plateau.

Customized treatment for your personal weight loss needs

Dr. St. Laurent and his caring staff at Northwest EndoSurgical can provide you with the education and support you need to decide whether to have weight loss surgery, and if so, which procedure to have. To learn more, call our office or book an appointment online today.

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